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Seating & Upholstery Construction

Fine Furniture Design® manufactures three categories of seating and upholstery products. They are dining chairs, fully upholstered product and exposed wood upholstered chairs (Protégé). Below is construction methods utilized in each:

Dining Chairs

Dining chair seats are manufactured either as a slip seat (removable) or a tight seat (upholstered-not removable).

Slip seat construction is built on a seat board. A layer of foam is applied. On top of the foam a layer of poly is applied. Fabric is then stapled over the poly. Note that the seat board has opening or a breather to allow the seat to give. Slip seats are secured by screws under the chair seat frame for easy removal.

Tight seats are upholstered directly onto the chair and are not removable due to the fabrics being applied to the chair frame itself! Standard construction is usually the same as noted in the slip seat construction. The difference is the upholstered seat is not removable. An upholsterer would be necessary to recover the seat.

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Upholstered backs utilize combinations of foam and poly based on the same construction and size needed to create the shape required.

Dining chairs have corner blocks that are secured by screws and glue, lag bolts (attached through the corner block into each post) and double dowel construction as standard.

Fully Upholstered Product

These products are manufactured with spring down seat cushions that include a Marshall unit and blend down backs. Most all foundation construction is eight way hand tied seats and sinuous wire backs.

All cushions are encased in down proof ticking.

Spring down seat cushion construction has a Marshall unit in the center that consists of an inner spring unit that is wrapped with 3 layers of cotton with the final wrap of Dacron. The spring unit is composed of springs, sewn into separate pockets. The balance of the construction (stuffing) is waterfowl feathers and poly.

Blend down back cushions are made of a mixture of poly and waterfowl feathers. Synthetic fibers are also mixed with the feathers to give extra resiliency.

All frames are one inch with linear support rails, corner blocks, and cleats support throughout.

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Exposed Wood Upholstered Chairs

These utilize much of the methods noted above. Most of these chairs have stretch webbing in the seats and backs with foam and poly forming the contour. Stretch webbing is used in place of eight way hand tie due to the depth of the seats not being sufficient to allow for springs. Marshall Units are used when the seats cushions can accommodate the springs. Otherwise blend down construction is used.

Exposed wood upholstered chairs have corner blocks that are secured by screws and glue, lag bolts (attached through the corner block into each post).